What is Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)?
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is the electronic interchange of business information using a standardized format; a process which allows one company to send information to another company electronically rather than with paper. Business entities conducting business electronically are called trading partners.
Many business documents can be exchanged using EDI, but the two most common are purchase orders and invoices. At a minimum, EDI replaces the mail preparation and handling associated with traditional business communication. However, the real power of EDI is that it standardizes the information communicated in business documents, which makes possible a "paperless" exchange.
The traditional invoice illustrates what this can mean. Most companies create invoices using a computer system, print a paper copy of the invoice and mail it to the customer. Upon receipt, the customer frequently marks up the invoice and enters it into its own computer system. The entire process is nothing more than the transfer of information from the seller's computer to the customer's computer. EDI makes it possible to minimize or even eliminate the manual steps involved in this transfer.
The process improvements that EDI offers are significant and can be dramatic. For example, consider the difference between the traditional paper purchase order and its electronic counterpart:
|A Traditional Document Exchange of a Purchase Order
|An EDI Document Exchange of a Purchase Order
|This process normally takes between three and five days.
|This process normally occurs overnight and can take less than an hour.
Purchase Order and Invoices via ORISS
Transentric's Online Rapid Invoicing and Supply Solution (ORISS) system for non EDI-compliant Suppliers allows those Suppliers to receive Purchase Orders and send Invoices via a Web browser.